top of page

Arrest under Section 498A of IPC: Can it Occur Without Prior Police Notice?

Violence against women in the domestic sphere is not only a violation of their human rights but also a criminal offense under Indian law, which aims to protect the rights of all citizens.

Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code was enacted with the noble intention of protecting married women from cruelty by their husbands or their relatives. However, the exclusive remedy provided by Section 498A for females has become a subject of controversy and growing concerns about the misuse of this provision.

The misuse of Section 498A involves false or exaggerated accusations of cruelty, harassment, and dowry demands and can result in the unjust arrest and harassment of innocent individuals, including the accused husbands and their families. Such cases not only undermine the credibility of the law but also have a detrimental impact on genuine cases of domestic violence.

In general, the police are required to conduct a preliminary investigation before making an arrest in any criminal case, including cases under Section 498A of the IPC. However, there are certain circumstances where an arrest can be made without prior notice. According to the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) in India, an arrest can be made without a warrant if the police officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed a cognizable offense and it is necessary to arrest the accused to prevent the commission of a further offense, to prevent the accused from fleeing, to prevent the accused from tampering with evidence, or to ensure the presence of the accused during the investigation or trial.

In cases under Section 498A, if the police officer has reasonable grounds to believe that immediate arrest is necessary to prevent the accused from causing further harm to the woman or to protect her from further cruelty, the police may arrest the accused without prior notice. This is done to ensure the safety and well-being of the victim.

It is important to note that while the law allows for immediate arrest in certain situations, it is always preferable for the police to conduct a fair and thorough investigation before making an arrest. The arrest should be based on credible evidence and a reasonable belief that the accused has committed the offense. The accused also has the right to be informed the grounds of arrest and to be produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, excluding the time necessary for the journey.

7 views0 comments


bottom of page